Neem thrives as a large tree in well-drained soil all over India at altitudes up to 1000m. It is widely used in treating skin and digestive ailments.
Benefits of Neem: Fever, cough, diabetes, jaundice, obesity, malaria, skin diseases, liver diseases, ulcers, bronchitis, arthritis, gingivitis, sores, boils, measles, acne, indigestion, tumors, worms, nausea, loss of appetite.
Action: Astringent, antiperiodic, purgative, emollient, anthelmintic, discutient, emmenagogue, antiviral, disinfectant.
Scientific name: Azadirachta indica
Useful part: All.
Dosage: 0.5–5g per day or 3–15ml per day
Rasa (taste): Bitter
Vipaka (post-digestive effect): Pungent
Guna (quality): Light, dry
Dosa effect: PK−, V+
Dhatu(tissue): Plasma, blood, fat,reproductive
Srotas (channel): Digestive, circulatory,respiratory,urinary,reproductive.
Description: It is an evergreen tree attaining 20m height and 2.5m girth. .The bark is thick, dark-gray. Flowers are white or pale yellow.. Leaves are imparipinnately compound, exstipulate, alternate and 20-38cm long. Fruit is one seeded drupe with woody endocarp.
Classical and common names
Ayurvedic: Nimba, Nimbaka, Arishta, Arishtaphala, Pichumarda, Pichumanda, Pichumandaka, Tiktaka, Sutiktak, Paaribhadra.
Hindi, Bengali: Nim, Nim
Tamil: Vembu, Veppu
Species: Azadirachta indica.